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What is Gum disease

8 mai 2019

What is Gum Disease?

Healthy teeth held in their place by the healthy bone and the tissue surrounding them, together they provide support for your teeth to stay firmly in their place.  Gums attach to your teeth just below the edge of the gums.

Gum disease effects attachment between the teeth and your gums.

It can range from very mild and show almost no signs to a severe condition when gums can become swollen, start to bleed, over time you may experience tooth and bone loss. 

Gum diseases begin with the formation of plaque on your teeth.  Plaque is a clear, sticky substance that contains bacteria (germs). Plaque forms on your teeth daily and it attaches to your teeth just below the edge of your gums. 

If plaque or bacteria not removed daily by brushing twice a day and flossing, plaque eventually turns into tartar, also known as calculus.  Tartar is calcification of bacteria on your teeth and once tartar starts to build on your teeth - the only way to remove it is by visiting your dentist. 

When enough tartar builds up on your teeth, it can become infected and usually appears as red or swollen gums, that is the early stage of a gum disease, known as gingivitis. Click here to learn more about gingivitis.

Over time, the bacteria that causes the infection, breaks down the gum tissue, which affects how your tissue attaches to your tooth and if left untreated it can also lead to the breaking down of the bone, at this point your gums may bleed during brushing, swollen gums can change colour, however, gums not necessarily be sore. 

When your bone starts to break down around your tooth and your gum shrink, your teeth may become loose and will be in danger of falling out, at this point gum disease turns into Periodontitis. 

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