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DIY Tree Trimming and Tree Pruning Tips & Techniques

il y a 9 mois

DIY Tree Trimming and Tree Pruning Tips & Techniques

Preforming regular tree maintenance will help your trees stay healthy, look better and be fruitful. Tree maintenance is more complex than most tree owners realize. Learn how to prune and how to trim your tree. Trees come in all shapes, sizes, growth patterns and maintenance needs. Before anyone can pick-up a chainsaw and start cutting limbs and branches off, one must understand the needs and behaviour of that specific tree specie.

Most trees need pruning or trimming maintenance every 4 to 7 years, to stay healthy and thrive. For the correct maintenance of your trees, finding tree trimming and tree pruning specialists is critical.

Identify the Tree Species

If you will be pruning or trimming your own trees, then first identify the species you are trying to trim or prune. All trees come from 2 families, evergreen and deciduous. These 2 families have different trimming and pruning needs.

Deciduous trees are plants that completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season, and regrow them in the summer. In contrast to deciduous trees, evergreen trees are plants that stay green year long, they only lose a few leaves or needles at a time. When they do lose them, new ones grow back right away, so they have visible leaves year-round. These two families have different trimming and pruning needs, and different growth habits.

– Some of the most common deciduous trees found in Canada are: Maple, Oak, Poplar, Elm, Birch, Willow and Ash trees.

– Some of the most common evergreen trees found in Canada are: Pine, Spruce, Cedar and Juniper trees.

Getting the Right Tools

Once you know your trees’ pruning and trimming requirements, you have to use common tips and sound techniques to trim and prune the trees.

First, you will need specific tools:

If you are doing minor pruning, you will need pruning clippers. Pruning clippers come in different sizes; choose the correct size depending on the branch size you will be pruning.

For hedge pruning, you will need to purchase a hedge pruner. A hedge pruner will allow you to prune large hedges very quickly and with great cosmetic results.

For trimming branches, a professional tree trimmer will always use either a chainsaw or a pole saw. Both allow for great accuracy and give you the ability to trim large branches with ease.

Figuring Out What to Prune

Tree experts advise to check the health of all your trees annually. Some of the more common health and safety issue that require trimming or pruning of evergreen and deciduous trees are:

Over grown branches that could cause injury to people.

Over grown branches that are growing too close to electrical wires.

Over grown limbs too close to buildings or home.

Excessive or large dead limbs that could break-off. It is advised to begin corrective trimming of dead limbs before fall or winter, to help heal the wounds in the growing season.

Minor or major dieses and infestations that could damage or kill a tree, as in The Emerald Ash Borer.

Pruning for fruit growth. Pruning causes strong branching structure and direct fruit growth.

Pruning for flower growth. Pruning causes strong branching structure and direct flowers growth. Flowering trees blossom in early spring: after the flowers bloom during summer.

Hallo or peeling bark.

Removing Suckers & Water Sprouts, that shoot and arise from the trunk of a tree or from branches that are several years old, they take nutarians away from the tree.

Second, you will have to follow these safety tips and techniques for you and the tree:

Avoid moderate to severe pruning your trees from when it begins budding to when the leaves are fully formed, especially branches larger than 3 inches in diameter.

Avoid trimming main, vital limbs that could cause the death of the whole tree. Consult with a tree trimming and tree pruning expert on which limbs are vital to your trees before removing them.

Generally using a ladder is not the best option, but if you do, do not go up more than 6 feet high.

Watch for powerlines in the vicinity of the limb you are planning on cutting. Only a tree services expert can safely remove limbs close to powerlines.

Do not use a chainsaw while on a ladder to trim your trees. Chainsaws produce a lot of power, that can cause you to lose balance and fall-off.

Watch for people and pets in the vicinity of the limb you are planning on cutting.

Trimming and Pruning, the Right Way

How to Prune a Tree

Lastly, after you have selected your tool and taken all the safety factors into account, take a step back and imagine how you would like the tree to look like once the trimming or pruning is completed. When ready to start cutting:

Pick out all your leader limbs in the area you will be trimming or pruning.

Then remove the deadwood and unnecessary limbs branching out from the leaders.

For larger branches and limbs, take smaller pieces at a time, until you make it to the attachment end of the branch. To make a safe and controlled cut, start by making a 30% cut from the bottom, then finish it from the top of the branch.

The attachment point of a branch has two points, Branch Bark Ridge, at the top of the attachment point, and Branch Collar, at the bottom of the attachment point.

Avoid damaging the bark of the tree.

When cutting, cut right outside the branch bark ridge and branch collar to avoid damage to the bark.

Allow 1 or more seasons for the traces of the removed limbs to fully heal.

Once your trees are fully trimmed and pruned for health and safety, you will be able to enjoy them for many years to come worry free.

We, The Real Tree Masters Inc. Have years of experience working with thousands of clients, with all kinds of needs. We utilize all the necessary equipment and trucks to be able to handle the largest and most complex residential and commercial projects. We take pride in our reputation in the tree services industry. Our arborists have many years of experience working all over Canada, from east to west. If you are looking for just a free over the phone or in person consultation, give us a call today and we will be happy to assist you.

We at The Real Tree Masters Inc. will be posting a new article to assist you with Choosing The Right Tree for Planting, Please stay tuned!

What Do Arborists & Tree Service Companies Do


The difference between a certified arborist and a tree service company.

An arborist is, by definition, a tree surgeon. A tree surgeon is the person with the learned skills to be able to safely remove, trim, and prune a tree; identify and plant different tree species; also treat trees that are diseased with infestations. Most arborists attend a college and pass a written exam to obtain their accreditation. Also, in the industry there are many highly skilled arborists who gained their skills through working in the tree services industry for multiple years.

A tree service company is a company that employs arborists along with stump removing experts and certified pesticide applicators to provide services for both commercial and residential properties. All tree service companies offer tree removal, tree trimming and tree pruning. Larger tree services are able to offer a larger variety of services, including: hazardous removals, tree planting, inspections of diseased trees, pesticide application for infected trees, arborists reports, stump grinding and removal, tree cabling, tree transplanting, commercial tree services, lot-clearing, 24-hour response storm damage and deep root feeding.

What is the differences between all the tree service companies found around?

The tree service industry is filled with companies of different sizes and skill sets. Large tree service companies hire numerous arborists and are normally located in Toronto, Mississauga, Oakville and Brampton. On the other hand, most smaller tree service companies consist of independent arborists, and could be found in the smaller towns around the Greater Toronto Area, such as in Markham, Richmond Hill, Vaughn, Burlington and Caledon. However, location does not necessarily reflect on the tree service’s size of operation. Smaller companies that only consists of an arborist and his screw, mostly would not be able to properly handle large trees or a high number of trees at one time. Regularly, only the larger companies would have the necessary trucks and machinery to be able to handle the larger projects.

The majority of larger tree services operate year around, regardless of the winter weather. Smaller arborist companies prefer to cease operations until spring time. When looking for a tree service company in the winter time, be certain they are in full operations.
Although arborists and tree services are a necessary part of any urban city or town, arboristry remains an obscure profession. We live amidst millions of trees, some are in forests but many are on our streets and backyards. Every community needs tree services to plant, maintain and remove trees when deemed necessary.

Preventing Storm Damage To Your Trees


Preventing Storm Damage To Your Trees

There is a strong call for action for property-owners to ensure their trees are safe to withstand harsh weather conditions. In the last few years, with the changing weather patterns, residents and business-owners within the greater Toronto area have been plagued with ice storms, snow storms and high winds which break old and unstable trees. According to the Toronto Star: “Severe weather losses across the country reached a record $3.2 billion in 2013, according to figures released Monday by the Insurance Bureau of Canada. The tab for insured losses from the ice storm that pummeled Toronto and southern Ontario in December alone was $200 million, the industry group said.”. Many of these claims resulted from weak, old and unstable trees falling on homes, businesses and cars. Also, multiple people were hurt due to falling trees and branches.

In ice storms, trees and branches accumulate a large layer of ice on them, adding weight, while frozen. If the tree or branch has any structural weaknesses, it will break, falling towards the weakest point in the tree. That could be towards your house, commercial building, parked cars or even your family, and can cost millions of dollars in repairs or even worse, lost lives.

Snow storms are a fact of life when you are living anywhere from the big cities like Toronto, Mississauga, Oakville, Brampton, or even out in the smaller towns like Caledon and Milton. Through heavy snow falls, tree branches start getting heaver and weaker, damaged trees can only support so much weight before starting to lean towards its weakest point and eventually it will collapse.

Unlike ice storms and snow storms, high winds could threaten old and unstable trees at any time of the year. As an arborist serving the whole Great Toronto Area, we are experts in handling these incidences once they occur, but also focus on preventative care for removing trees which have a high likelihood of being affected by severe weather conditions.

Throughout the year arborists throughout the GTA get thousands of calls from clients in these emergency situations. Fortunately, many of these situations could have been prevented. By calling an arborist to come to your property and inspect your trees, you could be sure that, not if but when the storms hit, your property is safe from unnecessary and preventable damage, let alone risk your family’s safety.

Some arborists charge a flat rate for tree inspection, at The Real Tree Masters Inc., we offer 100% FREE no commitment inspections. Our arborists can come out anytime of the year to inspect your property. Once you have decided which trees are safe and which are not, The Real Tree Masters Inc. can provide you with an arborist’s report to present to the city in case it is deemed needed. For FREE in person or over the phone consultations, call us today The Real Tree Masters Inc. Tree Service at (416) 272-3534.

Ref: Toronto Star: Ice storm pushed weather losses to record $3.2 billion: Insurance Bureau. Jan. 20, 2014.